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Boletín de prensa internacional 28/02/12

¿Secuestro malo para los negocios? Qué podría significar lo dicho por  las FARC
The Christian Science Monitor (EE.UU.) Kidnapping bad for business? Why the FARC may actually mean what it says
There are reasons – political, strategic and economic – to be hopeful the FARC's offer to end kidnapping may be genuine, writes guest blogger Steven Dudley.

The announcement that Colombia's FARC, the region's oldest and largest insurgency, would halt kidnappings was greeted with mixed emotions. But while the skeptics seem to outnumber the optimists, the new strategic and economic reality of the rebels leaves room for hope.

The·Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC's) declaration, slipped into the fifth paragraph of a communique (in Spanish) about the pending release of 10 longtime hostages from the security forces, was surprising for both its abruptness and introspective nature.

"Much has been said about retentions [FARC's word for kidnappings] of civilians," the group wrote on its website (in Spanish), before stating its intention to eliminate kidnappings as "part of its revolutionary action."

"It's time to clarify who and why one kidnaps today in Colombia," the group added. ver>>


Venta ilegal de oro y narcotráfico, financiara a las FARC
ABC (España) Las FARC se financiarán con la venta ilegal de oro y el narcotráfico
Todos piden pruebas. Hechos. En Colombia pocos han creído a la guerrilla de las FARC cuando anunciaron que pondrán fin a los secuestros y la extorsión. Un escepticismo abonado por los hechos. Porque, menos de doce horas después de su anuncio, atacaron con bombas y morteros los puestos policiales y militares de Caldono, una localidad ubicada a 90 kilómetros de la ciudad de Popayán, donde Santos tenía previsto participar en un consejo de seguridad.

En un amplio informe de la ONG Nuevo Arcoiris se muestra cómo las FARC aumentaron sus ataques en un 10 por ciento en 2011, a pesar de que han conseguido crear la ilusión de que están dormidas y replegadas. Aparte de lo que consideran acciones «defensivas», han aumentado las operaciones ofensivas como minar territorios y hacer estallar coches bomba en las ciudades. ver>>


Una rama de olivo insuficiente
The Economist (UK) An insufficient olive branch
FOR the past three decades the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) have been almost synonymous with kidnapping. In the mid-1990s Colombia was seen as the kidnapping capital of the world with more than 2500 abductions a year, most attributed to the FARC. The guerrillas financed much of their war against the Colombian state with ransom payments, and sought to put pressure on the government by taking political hostages. Now, after years of setbacks at the hands of the army, the group says it is ready to break with this grim past.

On February 26th the FARC declared they would renounce kidnapping for ransom. In a communiqué posted on their website and signed by their ruling secretariat, they announced they would “proscribe the practice [of kidnapping] as part of our revolutionary actions.” They also promised to free the ten remaining members of Colombian security forces they hold as “prisoners of war”, some of whom have been captive for as long as 14 years. That would represent the abandonment of a long-held demand that the government release jailed FARC members in exchange for the group’s military and political hostages. ver>>